Converting C3 to C4 Photosynthesis for Sustainable Agriculture (3to4)
Sheffield PI and Coordinating Partner: Professor Richard Leegood, including 19 research partners from 11 countries (€6.8M)
The massive advances in agricultural production of recent decades have not been made by increased efficiency in the processes of photosynthesis, and so their manipulation remain unexplored targets for crop improvement both for food and biomass. Reducing photorespiration in current C3 crops, or converting C3 to C4 photosynthesis, has potentially large economic and environmental benefits; through both increased productivity and the lower inputs required by C4 the pathway.
The 3to4 project is focussed on understanding the traits of leaf development, cell biology and biochemistry associated with efficient C4 photosynthesis and transferring these traits into C3 crops.